City and capital of Gilan province, near the Caspian Sea, NW Iran. English trade expeditions from Russiareached the city in the late 16th century, and it prosperedin the 17th and 18th centuries. The eldest sonof Shah Abbas I (1557-1629). was murdered here, and the city was sacked in 1636 by Stenka Razin and his Cossacks.
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