China’s southernmost province including the mouth of the Xi River and Hainan Island. Under Chinese control since the Qin dynasty c. 210 b.c., it was created a province by the Ming dynasty who ruled from 1368 to 1644. For centuries it was the main contact area for outside trade with the Roman Empire, Arabs, and, in the 16th century, the first Europeans, mainly through Guangdong, the only port open until 1842. The introduction of opium here in that year led to war with the British and the cession of other ports to European countries. The Kuomintang was formed here in 1912 by Sun Yat-sen, and Chiang Kai-shek started his movement here in the 1920s.
In Guangzhou, a maze of contrasts, huge shopping malls and slums sit side by side. In congested cities with difficult traffic taxi - the most convenient form of transportation. Shaiman Island, popular with prospective adoptive parents from overseas countries, is ideal for shopping, walks and visits to restaurants. Kingping - huge street market that is not designed for people with fine mental organization. Cats, dogs, anteaters and other animals are slaughtered on the spot. Flower Pagoda - a peaceful sight.