Arequipa, Peru

In the second most populous city of Peru, the so-called "White City", the amazing colonial buildings of pearly white stone vie for attraction with volcanoes and snowy peaks of the western Andes, surrounded the town. The city, founded in 1540, a lot of castles and museums. The main attraction, the monastery of Santa Catalina area of 215,000 square feet, is a "city within a city" with fountains and cobblestone streets. Arequipa - a favorite base for those who choose to visit the Colca Canyon and the huge condors.

City and capital of Arequipa province and department, on the Chili River, 200 mi S of Cuzco. On the site of an ancient Inca city at the foot of a dormant volcano, it was built in 1540 by Francisco Pizarro, Spanish explorer and soldier. It became a bishopric in 1577. Despite several earthquakes, it remains an outstand ing example of Spanish colonial architecture with buildings of white sillar lava stone.